Thursday, June 12, 2014

Pali-English Dictionary


Being a student of Thought of Ambedkar, its essential to go through Buddhist Text i.e. Pali. But Pali is deliberately kept away from school/college course. Rahul Sankrityayan says, if you want ot know that subject, start writing the book on that.


adj. adjective
dat.- dative
f. feminine

inf.-  infinitive
m.- masculine
n.- neuter
pro. - pronoun
p.p. - past participle
pre.- prefix 

Abhibhavati- (abhi+bhu) overcome
Abhibhu- conqueror
Abhidahati/abhidadhati/abhidheti- to declare, to point out
Abhidhamma- m. A set of seven Books;  1.Dhamma-Sangani 2.Vibhanga 3. Kathavatthu 
                  4.Puggala Pannatti 5.Dha-tukatha 6. Yamaka 7.Patthana
Abhigacchati- (abhi+gamu)  goes near to
Abhijja- covetousness, (synonyme of lobha)
Abhijanati- (abhi+na) perceive
Abhinna- f. higher knowledge
Adaya- p.p. having taken
Adhibuta- p.p.mastered
Adhigacchati- (adhi+gamu) attain, aquire
Adhipateyya- supremacy, sovereignty
Adhisessati- (adhi+si) will lie upon
Adhisila- a higher morality
Adhititthati- (adhi+tha) stand upon
Adhitthana- resolve, decision, resolution, determination
Adhivasati-(adhi+ vasa) dwell in
Adhivasetum- inf. of adhi+vasa, to bear
Adinnadana- taking what is not given
Aga- (gamu) went
Agacchati- (a+ gamu) come
Agatsmano- m. monastery
Agghanakam- value 
Aggi- m. fire
Aha- n. day
Aham- (pro) I
Aharati- (a+hara) brings
Aharupacchedam- food cutting, starving 
Ahethayam- without injuring
Ahosikamma- an act or thought which has no longer any potential force.
Aja- m. goat
Akaliko- timeless, unconditioned by the time or season, with immediate result
Akasam ullanghi- rose to the sky
AkusalaKamma- unwholesome, De-meritorious acts.These are 10 Nos.- killing, stealing, un-chasteness,
                      lying, slandering, harsh speech, frivolous talk, covetousness, ill will and false view
Alikavadi- m. lier
Ama- ind. yes
Amacca- m. minister
Ambara- n. garment
Amhakam- pro. our
Amhe- (pro.) we
Amu-(Pro) this, that, such
Amuke- so and so, such
Anagami- one who has attaineded the third stage of holiness( Non-Returner).              
Anagarika- one who has the homeless life without formally entering the Sangha
Analhiyo- destitute
Anapanasati- mindfulness breathing, a meditation practice in which one maintains one’s attention 
                and mindfulness on the sensation of breathing
Anapesi- ordered
Anapayini- (Na+apayini). Here, 'na' is changed into 'Oan'. Apayini is formed from apa+ aya(to go)
Anatta- an(no) + atta(eternal self or metaphysical entities ).
                  The Buddhist Doctrine of Anatta  teaches that neither within the bodily/ mental 
                   phenomena of existence, nor outside of them can be found anything that could be regarded
                   as a self-existing real entity or any other abiding substance. This is the principle doctrine of
Anicca- Impermanence. This is the central core of Buddhism. Every thing- be it living or 
                     mind or matter- is subjected to change.This is the law of Imparmanence that things
                     never persist in the same way, but  they vanish/dissolve moment to moment. In fact, this 
                     is the law of Universe. From this law of Impermanence, other two characteristics;
                     suffering (dukkha) and not-self (anatta) are derived.                
                    Sabbesankharaanicca i.e. whatever subject to origination is subject to cessation.
                     Everything; be it living or non-living, mind or matter, is subjected to
                     change. Things are changing all the time. They are not permanent. So are our thoughts, feelings 
                    and perceptions.The Buddhist Law of Causation explains the whole nature of the 
                     interdependency of our existence.
Anna-adj.  other
Annada- giver of the food
Annatara- one of several, certain
Antevasiko-m. pupil
Antima- adj. last
Anto- in
Anu- pre. like, after, along, under
Anucchavkha kiccani-  (anu+chavi ka), according to one's skin i.e. befitting, proper, suitable. Kiccani
                      i.e.deeds, action, duties
Anugacchati- (anu + gamu) follows
Anulomato- in accordance with
Anupubbam- in due coarse
Anveti- (anu+eti) the present tense of 'i' to go. Here, 'Ou' is changed into 'Ov'.
Apa- pre. from, away from
Apabbata- n. as far as the rock
Apagacchati- (apa + gamu) goes away
Apana- n. shop, market
Apara- adj. subsequent, other
Apasalaya- from the hall
Apeta-vinnano- bereft of consciousness
Apvada –m. abuse, blame
Api- ind.  over, near
Apidhana- n. cover, lid
Appa- adj. few, little
Appamada- earnestness, heed fulness, diligence
Appamanna- 1.Metta (Love) 2.Karuna (pity) 3.Mudita (sympathy) 4.Upekkha (equanimity)
Arahant- one who has attaineded the Nibbana. Ar(enemy)+ Hant(kill/defeat)  i. e. who has 
                     defeated 10 enemies (fetters)**
Arama- m. temple, garden
Ariya- noble e.g.Ariya Atthangika Magga.

Aroceti- (a + ruca) informs, tells, announces
Asaddhahanto- not believing
Asankhatadhamma- that which is not conditioned by any cause, Nibbana
Asakkonto- pres. participle of sakha(to bear),  Being unable
Asava- mental intoxication or defilement
Asi- m. sword
Assa- m. horse
Asuka- so and so, such
Atavi- f. forest
Ativiya- adj.thoroughly
Atigacchati- (ati+gamu) overcomes
Atikkamati- (ati+ kamu) transgresses
Atta- m. self, the whole personality
Attabhave- personality, individuality, Be unto your selves
Attannuta- the quality of one who know oneself
Attha PurisPuggala- There are 4 stages to become Samyak-Smmbuddh (Enlighment).(i) Sotapanna (ii) Sakadagami (iii) Anamgami (iv) Arhat . The Noble individual who are runner of these 4 path and get the Phala()

,  Four pairs of eight individual Noble.1(i). Sotapatti-Magga i.e. the path of stream-winner
                  (ii). Sotapatti-Phala 2.(i) Sakadagami-Magga i.e. the path of Once-Returner(ii)
                  Sakadagami-Phala 3. (i)Anagami  i. e. the path of  Non-Returner (ii) Anagami-Phala 
                   4. Arahta-Magga  i.e. the path of Holy One (ii) Arahata-Phala.
Attha- m. meaning, matter, good
Atthangikamagga- The Eight-fold Path
Atthi- n. bone
Atura- ill
Avacarati- (ava+cara) transverses
Avaharati- (ava+hara) take away
Avajanati- (ava+na) despises
Avajjana- advertence of the mind towards the object.
Avakkamati-(ava+ kamu) descends
Avamannati- Ava+ mana) look down upon
Avatthito- settled
Avijja- unawareness, ignorance
Avuso- ind. friend, brother
Aya- n. iron
Ayasena- with trouble
Avekkheyya- (ava+ikkha) should reflect
Ayu- n. age

Bala- m. young, fool
Balata- f. childhood
Balatta- n. ignorance
Balavantu- m. powerful
Bahusacca- much learning, profound knowledge
Bandhumantu- m. he who has relation
Bebhar- to carry
Bhagava- the Blessed One, the Exalted One.
Bhajati- (bhaja) associates
Bhanati- (bhana) speaks, recites
Bhane- a term of address used by superiors to subordinates 
Bhante- ind. Reverend Sir
Bhariya- f. wife
Bhasati- (bhasa) to speak
Bhatu- m. brother
Bhattu- m. husband
Bhavati- (bhu) becomes
Bhaveti- (bhu) cultivates, develops
Bhikkhu- m. monk
Bhinna- p.p. broken
Bhu- to be
Bhunjati- (bhuji) eats,
Bhuta- being
Bodhisatta-  One who has resolved to attain enlightenment for the helping of his fellow beings.                  
Bru- to speak
Budh- to know
Byapda- ill will, hatred

Cakkam'va- (cakkam + iva)
Cara- (m) wrong conduct or living
Carati- (cara) wanders
Ceta- n. mind
Cetana- volition
Cetasika- mental concomitant
Chuddho- thrown away
Citta- mind, state of consciousness
Coreti/Corayati- (cura)  steals

Da- to give
Dakkhineyyo- worthy of gift
Danaggam- alms hall
Daraka- m. child
Darika- f. girl
Daru- n. wood, fire wood
Dasabala- the ten power of the Buddha
Dayaka- m. supporter
Deseti- (disa) preaches
Deti- (da)gives
Dha- to hold
Dhamma- m. Law, Truth, Doctrine
Dhammacakka- Law of Wheel, The Wheel of the Doctrine
Dhammadhara- m. versed in the Dhamma
Dhammika- rightous
Dhammanudhamma- Practice according to Dhamma
Dhammapada – This is highly venerated and esteemed sacred book of Buddhism. The Dhammapada
                    comprising 423 moral and philosophical verses (Teaching) of Lord Buddha in Pali.
 Dhammasavanatthaya- for the purpose of hearing the dhamma
Dhatu- element
Dhavati- (dhava) runs
Dhitimantu- m. courageous one
Dhitu- f. daughter
Dhovati- (dhova) washes
Dhunati-(dhu) destroys
Dhutanga-voluntary ascetic practices that monk undertake as a long-term commitment in order to cultivate
                    renunciation and contentment. There are such 13 practices- 1.Using only patched-up
                     robes.2. Using only one set of three robes. 3. Going for alms.4.Not bypassing any
                    donors on one’s alms path.5. Eating no more than one meal a day.6.Eating only from the
                    alms-bowl.7. Refusing any food offered after the alms-round.8. Living in the forest.9.Living
                    under a tree.10.Living under the open sky. 11. Living in a cemetery.12.Being content with
                    whatever dwelling one has.13.Not lying down. 
 Dibbati(diva) enjoys
Digha- adj. long
Dipado- giver of light
Ditthadhammo- m. saint
Ditthadhammavedaniya- immediately effective kamma
Ditthi- view
Dosa- aversion
Du- pre. bad, difficult
Du+channam- ill thatched
Duggati- f. evil state
Duggato- poor man
Duhitu-f. daughter
Dukkha- suffering
Dussila/duttha- wicked
Dvikkhattum- twice

Ekakhattum- once
Ekamsikam- adv. certain
Ettavata- to that extent, so far, thus
Ettha- here, herein
Etto- through, hence
Eva(ind)-just, quite, even, only
Evam-thus, in this way
Evam- ind. thus,  so


Gabbini+itthi- pregnant woman
Gacchati- (gamu) goes
Gahana+sajja- ready to seize
Gama- m. village
Gamato- gone to village
Gamakq-m. goer
Gamana- n. going
Gantukama- wishing to go
Ganhati- receive, seize
Garahanti-from Ogaraha'to condemn, despise 
Garahito- (garaha+ta) is denounced, blamed
Garayha- blamable
Gata-p.p. of gamu, gone
Gati- f. state
Ghataye- should cause to kill
Ghosana- noisy
Gilana- m. stick perswon
Gunavantu-m. virtuous one
Gup- to keep, to watch

Ha- for the sake
Haneyya- (hana) should kill
Harati-(hara) carries
Hattha-m. hand
Have- ind. indeed, certainly
Hettha- (ind) under, down
Hi- indec. indeed
Hinayana- A thought of school of earlier Buddhism.The Thervada school of today is a descendent
              of the Hinayana.
Hirottappasampanna- hiri(modesty) + ottappa(fear) + sampanna(endowed with)
Hiyo- ind. yesterday
Hu- to be/ to sacrifice

Icchati-(isu) wishes, desires
Idani- ind. now
Idha- ind. here
Iha- here, in this place
Ima- pro. this
Issa- jealousy
Iti- thus, in this manner
Ito- ind. hence, from this place
Itara- adj. different, the remaining
Ittham- thus, in this manner
Iva- ind. ike this, as
Isi- m. sage

Janati- know (na)
Jayati-(jana) arises, is born
Jati- birth, rebirth
Jettha- eldest
Jeyya-(ji) elder, would conquer
Jinati- (ji)- to conquer
Jivati- (jiva) lives

Ka- pro. who, which ?
Kadariya- m. miser
Kalamakasi- did the time, died
Kamma-  In Buddhism, the Law of Kamma says; Good beget good and bad beget bad*. And hence, 
                    one's have to do 'Kushal Kamma'
Kammaja-vata- pains of child birth
Kamma kilittha- defiled actions
Kampati- (kampa)  shakes, wavers
Kaham/kuham- where in?
Kanna- f. maiden, virgin
Kanittha- adj. youngest
Kapano- poor 
Karetva-p.p. of Karu, to do
Karoti- (kara) to do
Karuna- compassion. Karuna should be practice with wisdom. It is thought of peace meant to
                    reduce  the pain of other fellow-beings that are not fortunate compared to oneself.
Karunayanto- pitying 
Kasirena- with difficulty
katama- pro. what, which ?
Katannu- m. greatful, gretitude
Katapunno- the doer of good
Katara- which, what ?
Katham- how
Kathitam- p.p. of katha, to speak, said, uttered, spoken
Kati- how many
Kattha- where ?
Kayira-(kara) would make
Khadati- (khada) eats, chews
Khajja- eatable
Khalu- ind
Khanati- (khana)digs
Khanti- f. Patience
Khetta- field
Khi- to govern
Khippam- ind. quickly, immediately
Khira- n. milk
Khuddaka- adj. small
Khya- to tell
Kilesa(Klesh)- defilement
Kim- ind. why, what ? pray
Kilamakamsu- (kalam+akamsu) died, Sing, Kilamakasi.
Kilati- plays
Kira- is said
Kittavata- to what extent, how far ?
Kodha- m. anger
Kodhana- irritable
Ku- to make a sound 
Kuddala- m. n. spade
kuhim- ind. where, in what place ?
Kujjhati- (kuddha)gets angry
Kunjara- m. elephant
Kusal Kamma- which does not harm either the doer or others. In Buddhism, such 10 Kusal Kamma
                        are defined-1. Dana(Generocity)2. Sila(Virtue).3. Bhavani(Mental culture-meditation)
                         4.Apacayana(reverence, act of respect) 5.Veyyavacca(service, rendering help)
                         6. Pattidana(transference of merit) 7.Pattanumodana(rejoicing in other’s merit)
                         8. Dhammasavana(listening to the Doctrine) 9.Dhammdesana(teaching the Doctrine)
                         10.Ditthijukamma (forming  correct views, establishing right understanding).
Kupodaka- well water
Kuto- ind. whence ?
Kutra/kuttha- wither

Labhati- (labha)Receive, gets
Laddha+assasa- having obtained consolation
Likhati- (likha) writes
Lobh- m. Greed
Lokavidu- Knower of the cosmos

Maccena- by man
Maccu- m. death
Magga- m. the path
Mahanta- adj. big
Mahayana- the Northern thought of Schools.  Mahayana give cental place to compassion and dedicating ourselves to
                helping others.
Mahimsu- revered
Majja- n. an intoxicant
Majjhima- adj. Middle, appropriate, just right
Majjhima Patipada- the Middle Path. This is the Middle Path which the Perfect One discovered
                        and expounded, which gives rise to vision and knowledge, which lead to peace, 
                        wisdom, enlightenment, and Nibbana.
Malagune- different garlands
Mama- pro. my, mine
Mam+anuggaha - have commpassion on me
Mannati- (mana) thinks
Manomaya- (mana+ omaya) . Here, suffix "omaya" means made off 
Manusatta-n. manhood.  
Manosettha- mana+ settha
Mantvana- considering, thinking
Mara- Death, the evil one, The personification of evil and temptation
Matugama- women
Mayham- pro. my, mine
Metta-  loving kindness in the heart. Taking delight in one’s own goodness and that
                  of others. It should be radiated in equal measure towards oneself, and to friends, enemies 
                   and neutral person regardless of their strength, whether they are seen or unseen.
Miccha- (adv)Falsely, wrongly
Migadaya-(m) a deer park
Miyanti- (mi) die
Modati- (muda)rejoices
Moha- Delusion
Mudita- Taking delight in one’s own goodness and that of others
Muhuttena- in a moment
Musa- (adv)  Falsely, lie
Musavada- false speech
Mutti- f. deliverence

Nabhasa- through the sky
Nama- mental phenomenon
Na- no,not
Namo- ind. honour
Nati-m. relatives
Natthi- absence
Natu-m. knower
Nayanta- leading
Nekkhamma- renunciation, freedom from sensual lust
Ni- To lead, to guide
Nibandham- frequently
Nibbana- To cease blowing, To become extinguished. Liberation from Greed, Hate and Delusion.                                              Unbinding of  the mind from the mental effluents, Extinguishing of fire.
Nibbatta- p.p. of ni+vatu, born
Nidahati- (ni+daha) lays aside
Nidhati/nidadhati/nidheti- to put down
Nidhaya- ind. p.p. having left aside
Nigacchati- (ni+gamu) goes aways
Niharati- (ni+ hara) take away, remove
Nihita- p.p. of ni+dha. bear. Deposited, laid aside, set apart.
Nikkhamati- (ni+ khana) buries, Depart
Nikkhepada- Topic, theme, subject, point of discussion
Nilina- hidden
Nirotha- ceasation
Nisidati- (ni+ sada) sits
Nittanho- Desireless One(Arahant)
Nivattati- (ni+vatu) cease
Nivasam ganhi- took shelter
Nud- To remove

Odana- m. rice, cooked rice
Oja- f. essence
Okkamati- descent
Opanayiko- referring inwardly, to be brought inward, capable of being entered upon
Ovada-m. advice

Pabbajja- Going forth(from home to the homeless life)
Pabhu- powerful
Pacati- (paca) cooks
Pacchabaham-hands on the back
Paccattam- personal, individually
paccattam veditabbo vinnuhiti- to be attained by the wise.
Paccuggamana-Rising to receive
Paccupatthana- Appearance
Paccupatthapetum- inf. of pati+upa+tha, to gather up
Padaparikattam- state of wife
Padutthena- (pa+dusa) to defile, to pollute p.p. of Opadusa. Here the suffix 'Ota'is changed into 'Ottha'.
                 Similary, dittha - disa(to see), nattha- nasa(perish), dattha-dansa(to sting), ittha- isu(to wish) etc.
Paharati- (pa+hara) strikes
Pakkamati- (pa+kamu) sets out, goes aways
Pakkhipati-(pa+ khipa) throw in, puts in
Pakkosapesi- (pa+kusa) caused to be called, summoned
Pana- ind. but, however, further
Panatipata- Taking life, killing
Panna- f. Discernment, insight, wisdom, intelligence
Panna sampada- Achievement of wisdom
Pannakara- m. present
Panditasotunam- to the wise hearers
Papunati- (pa+apa) arrives
Para- adj. Other, diffrent
Para- ind. away, aside, back, opposed to
Parabhava- m. decline, ruin
Parakkamati- (para+kamu) strives
Pari- pre. around, about
Pariccheda- m. chepter, extent, limit
Paridahati-(pari+daha) puts on
Paridhavati- (pari+dhava) runs about
Parigalitva- having glided off, slipped
Parikkhipati- (pari+ khipa) throw around
Parisujjhati- Purified
Paritta- verses of protection
Parivisitum- (pari+visa) food
Pariyatti- theoretically understanding of Dhamma, the scripture, the teaching to be studied
Paramita- Ten paramita(Perfection)-
                1. Dana(Charity) 2.  Sila(Morality)   3. Nekkhamma(Renunciation)  4.  Panna (Wisdom)
                5.Viriya(Energy)  6.Khanti (Patience) 7.Sacca(Thruthfullness)  8.Adhitthana(Determination)
                9.Metta (Loving- kindness) 10. Uppekkha(Equanimity)
Pasannena- p.p. of 'Opa' + osada (to be pleased). Here, the suffix 'Ota' is changed into 'Onna' . 
                  Similarly, Obhinna- bhidi(to break), Chinna- chidi(to cut). Channa- chada(to cover) etc.
Pasattha- good 
Pasamsanti- (pasamsa)praise
Patrasa- m morning meal
Patati- (pata) falls
Pathama- first
Pati- pre. again, against, back, towards
Patideti- (pati+da) gives in return
Paticca- on account of
Paticca samuppada - dependent origination. Lord Buddha says; everything  is the creation of its preceding
                      cause and is in turn a cause of after effect.Therefore, what is in existence,  is an ever-changing
                       flux. This is Law of Dependent Origination.
Patijagghahi- nourish, tend, look after
Patikkhamati- (pati+ kamu) retreats
Patilomam- backwards
Patipada- f. path, way, method,practice, course, conduct
Patipatti- the practice of Dhamma
Patitthati- to stand firmly
Pativadati- (pati+vada) answer
Pato- ind. early in morning
pavisati- (pa+visa) enters
Paya- n. water, milk
Payati- (pa+ ya) goes farward
Payojana- n. use, need 
Pecca-ind. p.p. of ni+i, to go,  Having gone, hereafter
Pema- m. attachment, love
Peseta- Sends
Peta(Preta)- one of the class of beings in the lower realms
Phale- fruition
Phus- to touch
Pipasita+amhi- I am thirsty.
Pita- adj. yellow
Pitha-n. chair, bench
Piti- f. joy
Pothaka- n. book
Precept- sila
Pubba- adj. first, former, early
Pubbangama- ( pubba+m+gama) going before
Pubbekatapunnata- to have done good deeds in past time
Pucchati- asks
Puggala- m. a person, individual. The four pairs of Noble individuals are those who have attaineded 
                        the Stream-entry Path and Fruit, the Once-Returners Path and Fruit, Never-Returners
                        Path and Fruit  and  Arahat Path and Fruit.
Puggalnnuta- the quality of one’s who know individuals
Pujeti- offers
Punna- n. merit, good
Puppha- flower
Pureto- ind. in the presence
Puthujjana- worldly person, ordinary man
Putt-m. son
Puttika- he who has son

Raga- Passion
Rakkhati- protects
Ratana+ttaya+mamika-  devoted to the triple Gem
Rati- f. attachment
Ratti- night
Ratta- adj. red
Rattha- n. country, kingdom, realm
Rodaanto- pres. part. of ruda, to lament, wail
Rukkha- m. tree
Rundhati-(rudhi) obstructs
Rupa- physical phenomenon

Sa- he
Sabbada- everyday
Sacca- truth, truthfulness
Saddhacetasa- with the heart of faith
saddhim- with
Sadhu- an expression showing appreciation/agreement
Sakadagami- Ones returner. The second stage of sainthood. A person who has abandoned the first three
                     fetters that has weakened the sensual passion and resistance.
Samanadhammam- duties of a monk
Samadhi- concentration, the practice of centering the mind in a single sensation
Samaggi- concord, unity, harmony, unanimity, union
Samagacchanti- come together
Samanera- a novice, one who is ordained by taking the Three Refuge and observe Ten Precepts
Samma-Sam-Buddha- Fully Enlightened  one
Samativijjhati- (sam+ati+vijjha) penetrates through
Sameti- meets together
Samiddhim- prosperity
Samirati- (sam+ira) is shaken
Samsaro- Existence
Samudaya- cause, the origin of suffering
Sannam+datva- giving a sign
Sanditthiko- to be self realized, self-evident, immediately apparent, visible here and now
Sanghati- the outer robe of a Buddhist monk
Sanjanitva- recgnising
Sankhara- thought formation within the mind
Santati- continuty
Santhati/santhahati/santitthati- to stand
Santike- near
Sapateyyam- property, welth, provisions
Sarana- reguge
Sarirakiccam- bodily duties i.e. funeral ceremonies
Sasana- doctrine/legacy of Buddha
Sati- recollection, memory
Satta-a being, living being, creature, person
Sattasatthaham- seven weeks
Satthu- the Master, the Buddha
Settha- excellent
Sikkha- learning, study, training, discipline
Sila- virtue, the training precepts that restrain one from performing unskillful action,morality
Sonna+malahi- with garlands of gold
Sotapanna-  sota(stream)+ apanna(entered). Stream winner. The first stage of sainthood. A person who has
                     abandoned the first three of the fetters and has thus entered the stream flowing inexorably/ 
                      inevitably to Nibbana.
Sotu- hearer
Subh- to shine, be beautiful
Sugato- going to a good/happy destination
Sundara- good
Sutta- discourses/sermon by Lord Buddha or his contemporary disciples. After Buddha,  the sutta were
                      passed down in the Pali language according to a well-established oral tradition  and were
                      finally committed  to written form in Shri-Lanka around 100 BC. More than 10,000 suttas 
                      are collected in the Sutta-Pitaka, one of principle Buddhist scripture in Therwad thought of
                      school.The Pali Sutta are widely regarded as the earliest record of the Buddha’s teaching.
                      The general discourses and sermons delivered by Buddha are collected and classified into
                       five Nikayas-
                      1.Digha Nikaya- 34 Suttas
                      2.Majjhima Nikaya- 152 Suttas
                      3.Samyutta Nikaya- 7762 suttas
                      4.Anguttara Nikaya- 9557 Suttas
                      5.KhuddakaNikaya- Dhammapada Verses and Jatakastories
Sutthu- excellent
Sutta- ppabuddho- risen from sleep
Sutva- hearing
swakkhato- well taught

Tada- then
Taham- there
Tanha- craving, desire, thirst
Tanhakkhayo- he who destroyed craving
Tass- his
Tasanti- (tasa) tremble
Tathagata- One who has truly gone i.e.tatha-gata(Buddha)
Tatharupena aphasukhena- some such illness
Tati- So many
Tato-Thence, from that place
Tato patthaya- from that time, thence, forth
Tattha- there
Tava-so long, still, yet
Tavata- so far, to that extent, on that account
Tava- until(ind)
Teja- majesty
Tesam- their
Tha- to stand
Thera- an elder , a senior member of order, a senior monk (of atleast 10 years standing)
Theragatha- verses of elders, name of the 8th division of the Khuddak Nikaya
Theri- a woman elder, senior nun
Thervada - The Doctrine of  Hinayana Thought of school. i.e. the early school of Buddhism. Currently,
                        it is dominant in Thailand , Shri-Lanka,Burma Laos, Vietnam,etc.This School of thought
                        has preserved the method of meditation and freeing the mind. It emphasize personal
                        freedom from suffering.                
Thupa- stupa, a relic mound, monument erected over the ashes of a holy person
Tidvara- the three doors of action;  body, speech, mind
Tipitaka- Pitaka means basket. Three baskets of Buddhism; Vinaya Pitika, Sutta Pitika and
                         Abhidhamma Pitika
Tiracchanagata- animal
Tisarana-The Three fold Refuge; the Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha
Tud- to know, destroy

Ugghosesi- shouted 
Upadharenti- (upa+dhara) to hold, take up, reflecting
Upakaddhati- Drag down
Upasaka/Upasika- A male/female lay follower of Buddhism
Upasampada- Acceptance; full ordination as a Bhikku/Bhikkuni
Upekkha-Aa sense of equanimity
Uttara- Upper, higher
Utthati/utthahati- To stand up

Va-either,to blow
Vahato- to carry . Genitive case of 'Ovahanta' from 'Ovaha'.
Vandati- salutes
Vanna- quality/praise,color
Vannapokkharataya- beauty of complexion
Vassa- rainy season,  retreat
Vatena- by wind
Vatta-death and rebirth of defilement within the mind
Vattati- right
Vattha- garment
Vayamati- tries
Vedana- Feeling of pleasure and pain(ease and stress)
Vegam janetva- accelerating the speed
Vejja- physician
Veyyavaccam- karonti- perform duties, render service
Vicikiccha- doubt, perplexity
Vidhametva- having vaniquished,having defeated 
Vihannati- perishes
Vihi- paddy
Vijja- knowladge
Vijayitum asakkonti- unable to give birth
Vikkhipati- scatters
Vimutti-release from the fabrication and convention of the mind
Vina- without
Vinnana- sensory consciousness
Vipaka- the consequenses and result of a past volitional action
Vipassati(vi+passa)- see clearly
Vipassna- clear intuitive insight into physical and mental phenomena as they arise and disappear.
Vippalapasi- (vi+pa+lapa) to speak, Speak confusedly, babble
Viriya- persistence, energy
Vissa- all
Viya- like
Vuddha- old
Vunnu- a wise man
Vutthi- rain
Vyakaroti(vi+a+kara)- expounds
Vyayam- effort, endevour

Ya- pro. Who
Ya- that
Yac- To entreat
Yada-ind. When
Yakkha- Demon, a fallen angel, diety
Yannunaham- how, if I
Yatha- As, like
Yathakammam- according to deeds
Yathakkamena- in the due course
Yati- As many as
Yato- From what
Yatra- Where, wherein,whither
Yattha- Where, wherein,whither
Yava- till, so long
Yava- until, as long as, in order that
Yavata-As far as, because

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